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Topic: Homeopathy in Pakistan Posted: 23 June 04 at 07:18
Homeopathy in Pakistan
Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was instrumental in the passage of Homoeopathic, Unani and Ayurvedic act in 1937 in India during British Raj. It is deplorable that the similar act was passed in 1965 in Pakistan. The progress of homoeopathy has been tardy and slow in this country. It should be noted that health cover to its teaming masses cannot be provided by promoting only one system (28).
Homoeopathy progressed in Pakistan to a visible level since 1967, after the establishment of Homoeopathic Board and National Council for Homoeopathy (NCH) in 1980. Homoeopathy developed in Pakistan as an art rather than a science, with emphasis on increase in number of diploma holders-DHMS. This was the consequence of increase in the privately owned college. There is NO government controlled homoeopathic college in Pakistan. Most people join this profession without taking any aptitude test. The minimum qualification for admission is simple matriculation (not necessarily with science) (13).
The NCH followed free admission policy and part time-ism, thus producing low quality graduate. The number of full time practicing homoeopaths is also limited. Therefore both education and practice are part time. The younger people join profession for being called H/Drs from which H/ is droped with time. The aged do so for getting a source of sustenance after retirement. The result is that there are only limited number of committed homoeopaths. Only 10% of DHMS graduates are consequently practicing. The low cost of education also promoted uncontrolled homoeopathic education (12).
Majority of homoeopaths, though vocally against allopaths are really impressed by allopaths, who are definitely superior in their knowledge of basic medical sciences, English language and technical know how. As a result, the numerical strength generated by NCH could not uplift the IMAGE of a common homoeopath in the society. The only impact of numerical strength was the establishment of trade union like organizations which pressed the demand of the profession, proliferation of homoeopharmacies and clinics. These phenomena made homoeopathy visible and felt by public and government and gained repute for inexpensive treatment of profound efficacy (12, 13).
The curriculum and syllabi are fairly well written and can cater for producing reasonably good prescribers but the colleges which execute this program are commercial organizations. The examination system of NCH is so archaic that hardly any one fails. The NCH apparently never emphasized quality because the people sitting at the helm of affairs are college owners or pharmacists or importers. Both groups had been money-rather than quality-seekers (12).
The people at the helm of affairs, consequently refrained from developing higher education and providing the research base to the profession. They did not earnestly try to develop a pharmaceutical industry of national status. On the contrary, they kept the competent and committed homoeopaths at bay from this prestigious organization, so much so that the practicing homoeopaths out side these two groups have very little representation in the NCH (12).
The NCH has a total of 21 members of which 1 is a government employee and 7 are nominated by the provincial and federal governments. Only 13 are elected from the whole country which is divided over 4 provinces. Only moneyed and influential homoeopaths are nominated and elected by the practitioners which eventually come from these dominant goups. The make up of NCH has not been revised since 1967 when the number of homoeopaths, homoeopathic colleges and the population were far less than the present (12, 13).
The result is that, there is still no avenue open for genuinely interested homoeopaths to grow professionally in the absence of higher education. There is no viable research base established. The import of remedies on the other hand is increasing, the prices rocketing high and Pakistan has become second largest importer of homoeopathic remedies. There is no homoeopathic drug act consequently the exporters are sending, and local manufacturers are making combination remedies un-checked and un-licensed (12-18).
We have to stop and think, keeping Allah in mind; are we really serving homoeopathy and humanity or are we serving our own un-satiahle thirst for material benefits!.
Homoeopathy was recognised and the Act was passed in British India with the support of Quaid-e-Azam Mr. M.A. Jinnah and many Muslim leaders, in 1937.
One College, one Pharmaceutical Company in Lahore.
One College at Karachi and two in Lahore offered MBHS Program.
Homoeopathy was recognized in 1957. The LJnani & Ayurvadic Act was passed in 1965 at Dhaka.
Homoeopathic Board (HB) was established in 1967. Registration of lay and qualified homoeopaths started. BHMS program was suspended. A four years post matriculation diploma-DHMS, approved by Government of Pakistan (GOP) was started. The apex body -National Council for Homoeopathy replaced HB in 1980, and thus the NCH became responsible for education, registration, research and affiliation of colleges.
Present State of Education
76 Colleges distributed in all provinces of the country: Islamabad (3), Sindh (11), Punjab (55), NWFP (6), Baluchistan (1) and Azad Kashmir (1).
No government homoeopathic medical college in the country.
All college are in private sector, owned by individuals, therefore, run on commercial lines. Facilities like libraries, laboratories, OPD's, teaching hospitals, AV aids are poor or altogether missing. Faculty has to be a DHMS with any basic qualification. Faculty is overall poor due to low pay and is generally changing.
Part time evening classes since beginning. Now, NCH has made them day colleges, but the order is not being implemented by majority of colleges.
Admission policy: Open. No age limit. No aptitude test, basic qualification matriculation but Intermediate, Bachelor, Masters, Ph.D (not necessary of science background). FTJ, RN and MBBS also admitted.
Medium of instruction is Urdu. English proficiency is generally very low.
No teacher training program for DHMS teachers, therefore no subject specialists available.
Passing rate was DHMS: MBBS=3-4:1 (in Karachi), practically everyone passes. Standard of the examination is very poor.
Graduates are allowed to use the title of H/Dr. In 1994 only 10% 55,000 were practicing part time or full time. Right to issue medical certificates was granted in 1997 by a Presidential Order, Practical training is almost non-existent due to lack of teaching hospitals/effective OPD's in the colleges. The six months practical training is supposedly offered by senior homoeopaths. The NCH has no program for evaluating the trainers. Majority of the certificate issued for practical training are the result of PR, therefore are fake.
Image of Homoeopathy Doctors
The Image of homoeopathic doctors is generally poor. There is no provision for higher education, therefore the doctors tend to obtain spurious qualification and put them with their names. They do not like to put H/Dr. with their names for advertisements The NCH has warned them for this practice.
The Research Cell at NCH remained unmanned by qualified researchers as long as it was in Karachi There is no research manpower available.
The Research Cell at NCH has one B.Sc DHMS who has produced only one paper on hemerhoids, in collaboration with an allopath.
An unfunded homoeopathic laboratory in Botany Department (Science) and Micro-dliuuon laboratory in Pharmacy), University of Karachi have produced about 12 papers.
Due to the imitative of D.C. (Homoeopathy) PCSIR laboratories, Karachi, have initiated a Homoeopathic Research Unit which is inactive due to lack of funds.
Despite the above items, every homoeopaths talks of research which is a very healthy sign.
About 1000 Allopaths and a number of FTJ, RN are registered and practicing homoeopaths.
Non-existent. There is no possibility of professional growth of homoeopaths without it.
The UGC, the universities and probably the NCH are dis-interested. The H/Drs. believe that NCH should arrange for their higher education.
The D.C (Homoeopathy) has formulated a curriculum in 1994 and submitted to appropriate authorities.
KHLC efforts for higher education in homoeopathy have not succeeded yet, however BHMS program has been started at Al-Khair University, Azad Kashmir. Peshawar University is expected to follow.
Foreign training of H/Drs. is difficult, because they do not fulfill pre-requisites and have extremely low English proficiency. SAARC countries may be able to collaborate for scholars exchange.
Some organizations/individuals are offering courses in Homoeopathy and Allied Sciences (Acupuncture, Radiesthesia, Radionics, Magrietotherapy, Moxibustion etc.) in affiliation with foreign institutions like OIUCM and Sri Lanka. Important institution offering homoeopathy training by correspondence is British Institute of Homoeopathy, England. Both are not recognized by NCH.
Important foreign institutions operating in Pakistan are: British Institute of Homoeopathy (BIH) which runs an international network of correspondence course, and OIUCM, Sri Lanka.
Other than an introductory course in pharmacy in DHMS, there is no specialized training thus there are no qualified homoeo-pharmacists in Pakistan to work in homoeo-pharmaceuticals industry.
There are about 58 local pharmaceutical companies operating. All except very low are making combination remedies only. There are 17 foreign companies supplying single and combination remedies. The combination remedies have appeared about 15 years ago in homoeopathy stores.
Hospitals / Clinics
The galore of private clinics and stores have made homoeopathy visible and felt. There are very few hospitals. Homoeopaths are not familiar with hospital business. There are no paramedics.
The only journal of international standard is' PJHAS-Pakistan Journal of Homoeopathy and Allied Sciences, issued by Karachi Homoeo Lions Club (KHLC) and District Committee on Homoeopathy, Lions Clubs International, District 305 (S-1), Pakistan.
There are 5 publishing houses, 2 in (Karachi) and 3 in (Lahore)
There are 35 local and one (KHLC) International.
Misconceptions About Competence
According to Pakistani tradition, seniority is equated with competence. This conception has impeded our growth in every field, homoeopathy is no exception. The competence should be determined on technical know how, knowledge as well as seniority. In the present state of affairs, it is difficult to distinguish between a good homoeopath, a successful practitioner and a quack. It all depends upon how much money and time one can put in his work. Some practices of self advertisement use by homoeo doctors are unethical.
Thanks to the free educational policy of NCH that along with the multitude of matriculates some highly educated people entered the fold of homoeopathy either out of curiosity or genuine interest through experience or with exposure to homoeopathy. Being bewildered of what was going on in the name of serving humanity and homoeopathy, they started raising voices about the issues that confronted this great therapeutic science. To antidote this phenomenon a slogan of "Degree Course" was given by the NCH. We have been hearing about the efforts of NCH in speeches and homoeopathy magazines for the last decade. Nothing surfaced. The main cause was that neither homoeopaths not NCH had the slightest idea what this course should be like.
The NCH could collect curricula and syllabi of the courses which it did, but it could not formulate a concrete plan of action due to lack of knowledge of educational planning and vested interests. It needed people who are familiar with the basics of educational process and can assess the present and future needs of homoeopaths in Pakistan. Such people were many but scattered. The establishment of Karachi Homoeo Lions Club, brought them together under the umbrella of International Lionism with the dynamic leadership of Lion Prof. Syed Mushtaq Husain, a trained scientist, who embraced homoeopathy after the personal experience of supremacy of this immaculate science. -He shifted all his energies for the establishment of Higher Studies and a Research Base of homoeopathy in Pakistan. He firmly believed that we can not implant any foreign system. It should have an indigenous evolution keeping in mind all the multiple factors in mind. It took us over two years to develop the system. The plan or model was presented by Prof. S. M. Husain at the IV International Conference on Homoeopathy at Lahore organized by HPCA-Pakistan, British Institute of Homoeopathy, England and PEKANA International-Germany, where the great grandson of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann - Mr. Tankard Hahnemann was also present.
The plan was also presented to UGC, NCH and universities, but there was no response. Through an in house move, at Karachi University by Prof. S. M. Husain who was teaching Plant Physiology, things started moving. Homoeopathy being a medical science should have been placed under the Faculty of Medicine but it could not be done for obvious reasons. Prof. Husain, therefore, had a different vision,. He viewed homoeopathy as an interdisciplinary science to be placed in the Faculty of Science as a Department. The Dean Faculty of Science Prof. Dr. Viqaruddin Ahmed as well as the then Vice Chancellor Prof. Dr. Abdul Wahab supported the idea. In the first meeting at the Dean's Office the question of placement of homoeopathy was raised by the staff representing the Faculty of Pharmacy. They proposed it should be a project of Faculty of Pharmacy. The project died its own death after Prof. Husain's retirement and lack of interested homoeopaths on the university faculty.
Phase 4: For BHMS & B. Horn.
Curricula for M. Horn. (Master of Homoeopathy) and D. Horn (Doctor of Homoeopathy) will be designed at suitable time.
In the private sector Prof. Husain submitted the project to Hamdard University. He and I personaly met Hakim Mohammad Saeed Sahib and presented it to him. After a long wait we received a response that due to entanglement of Hamdard in their on going programs the matter would be taken up in June 1999. This was announced by Hakim Saeed Sahib in a recently held Moalij Evening where he served as a Chief Guest. The salient features of the curricula are given below:
1. All the three programs have been designed after need analysis of students and requirements of the professions, aiming at quality of graduates and not their number. It has not been borrowed from any where and is original in its style content and approach.
2. It is not advisable to grant license for homoeopathic practice to people of other medical professions, no matter how much is their knowledge of basic medical sciences. There are reports that this facility granted by NCH is being misused. The first program-PDHS aims at producing allo-homoeopaths, graduate nurses and hakims on one hand and train faculty for DHMS colleges and BHMS program.
3. The BHMS program aims at upgrading committed and able DHMS graduates or practicing doctors. The curriculum aims at removing language and professional deficiencies inherent in DHMS program and produce well qualified teachers for DHMS colleges and BHMS program.
4. The B. Horn. Program is for F.Sc (Pre-medical) graduates who want to pursue homoeopathy. This program is no less than the MBBS program being followed in the medical colleges. The B. Horn. Graduates, in addition, will have research orientation an area which MBBS program lacks. These graduates will be research minded scientific prescribers. They will be equivalent to MBBS and would, be equally competent to embark on any specialty, shoulder to shoulder, with their MBBS counterparts. They will provide faculty for DHMS, BHMS and B. Horn.programs and will be able to obtain foreign training, as this will be equivalent to any foreign institution.
5. After the establishment B. Horn. program attempt will be made to develop M. Horn. (M. Phil.) and D. Horn (Ph. D.) programs.
As far as I know no such a well thought out, comprehensive and multi-disciplinary program on homoeopathy is available any where in the world. The essence of the whole program of higher education is the achievement of academic and professional know-how for the service of PATIENT which holds top priority for medical men.
Hello Ayaz, Thanks for posting this interesting piece, which gives us a very good insight into these problems in your country. I recognize a few of these problems because, although the Netherlands is a highly developed country, we also have some academies where hardly any one fails because examinations are far too easy and where no aptitude test or basic qualification matriculation is required. Hopefully these new homeopaths have such motivation that they do a lot of self-tuition and ask guidance from the more expierenced colleaques !
Homoeopathy is commonly used all over the world. It is particularly developed in Europe where it originated. Homoeopathy is also very popular in Asian countries such as in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Bangladesh. In Pakistan.Homoeopathy is a recognized system of medicine in Pakistan under the UAH act 1965.there are about 100,000 Homoeopathic doctors and more than 125 Homoeopathic institutions.
Dr. Abdul Hamid was very keen and brilliant in the field of Homoeopathy and renowned personality in Homoeopathy world-wide. He was very efficient, hard working, motivated and focused in the promotion ofhomoeopathy in Pakistan. In 1951 he was appointed as a member of the health committee appointed by the Federal ministry of health Govt. of Pakistan. It was due to his efforts and hard work that homoeopathy got such great exposures in Pakistan.
In 1951 the Government appointed a Health Committee consisting of the following members:
1. Mr. A. R. Armaghan, Joint Secy. Ministry of Health. 2. Lt. Col. Jaffar, Director General of Health. 3. Dr. A Hamid. Karachi. 4.. Dr. U. A. Pasha. Karachi. 5. Dr. Zakir Hussain, Chittagong. 6. Dr. Nurul Wahab, Dacca. 7. Mr. S. S. Haider. Deputy Secy., Ministry of Health.
This committee was to recommend for:
1. The procedure for the Registration of Homoeopaths. 2. To prepare the syllabus for the Homoeopathic Medical Colleges.
The committee submitted its report in October 1951.
Pir Ali Akbar Shah had in the meantime placed the Homoeopathic Practitioners' Bill in the Provincial Assembly of Sind in April 1951. Ultimately after many years of toil and hard struggle the National Assembly of Pakistan passed the Unani, Ayurvedic and Homoeopathic Practitioners' Act, which provided for the registration of practitioners and the framing of the syllabus for the Homoeopathic Colleges. Under the provisions of the Act the Board of Homoeopathic System of Medicine was formed by the Government. Homoeopathy was officially recognized by the Government of Pakistan in 1965 and the Board of Homoeopathic System of Medicine, Pakistan was established under the Section 3 of the Unani Ayurvedic and Homoeopathic Practitioners' UAH Act. 1965.
The Board of Homeopathic System of Medicine working under the Federal Ministry of Health, was, in 1982, renamed the National Council for Homeopathy, The council is a body corporate, having perpetual succession. This council is now responsible for conducting examinations, appointment of committees and sub-committees, to provide for research in the system, registering practitioners, and recognition of Homoeopathic medical colleges, forwarding the pending cases of new homeopathic colleges for approval to Federal Ministry of Health Govt. of Pakistan.
All homoeopaths are required to undergo four years of training & courses in homoeopathy medical sciences. They are then awarded a diploma (DHMS). After a six-month apprenticeship and house job with a qualified homeopath, they may be registered with the National Council for Homoeopathy and become eligible to practice. The number of homoeopaths registered with the council is about 100,000.
There are more than 125 recognized homoeopathic colleges, with about another 15 awaiting recognition. Any Allopath MBBS (MD) doctor may legally practice homoeopathy if he can satisfy the council that he has done six-months of apprenticeship house job in the field of homeopathy. There are a number of MBBS (MD) doctors practicing homoeopathy. Government hospitals also employ homoeopaths. There are more than 155 free Government Homoeopathic dispensaries in DHQ and THQ Hospitals working under the National health services Ministry of Health Govt. of Punjab, and about 27 homoeopathy dispensaries are working under the city Government in Lahore city.
There are a number of local homoeopathic manufacturing companies and pharmacies. Most medicines are available in all standard potencies 3X to 30C and many of them up to200 to CM potency, and various kind of Imported medicines are also available in Pakistan.
The following are the most famous pharmacies and manufacturer of homoeopathy and natural products in Pakistan.
BABA-E-HOMOEOPATHY DR. HAMID'S NHS, 59-Nicholson Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
Homoeo complex research lab. 59, Boharwala chowk, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
Organic research Laboratory, Opposite Aram Bagh, Karachi.
BABA-E-HOMOEOPATHY DR. HAMID'S NHS, homoeopathic pharmacy, Shahrah-e-Liaquat, Karachi, Pakistan.
Dr. Hamid's General Homoeopathic Pharma Works, Nicholson Road, Lahore, Pakistan.
HOMOEOPATHIC ASSOCIATIONS & ORGANIZATIONS IN PAKISTAN:
Homoeopathic Doctors, Pharmaceutical & Chemist Association ( H.P.C.A.)
Leading homoeopathic professional association in Pakistan.
Society of Homoeopaths.
Central Homoeopathic Medical Association of Pakistan.
first homoeopathic association registered in 1950
Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Association (HPA)
Pakistan Homoeopathic Medical Association (PHMA)
oldest homoeopathic association in Pakistan.
Pakistan Homoeopathic Doctors Association (PHDA)
association of registered homoeopaths in Pakistan.
All Pakistan Homoeopathic Alliance (APHA)
homoeopathic alliance in Pakistan.
NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR HOMOEOPATHY ( GOVT. OF PAKISTAN.)
elected and nominated body under UAH act 1965 Govt. Of Pakistan
The Leading Professional Homoeopaths Association in Pakistan.H.P.C.A. is an association of Homoeopathic community in Pakistan. The HPCA with its principles of knowledge, fraternity and service came into being as a result of collective efforts of handful , energetic and enthusiastic professionals in the field of Homoeopathy and emerged in shape of an association of Homoeopathic community in Pakistan. In the view of its massive involvement with the profession and the popularity in the public, the association took its national character in 1989 and gradually the association became an international organization as it was bestowed with fecal and cooperation from the number of professionals in the field of homoeopathy from abroad. Since its inception as association, it has been able to be blessed with the over whelming sympathy of the Homoeopathic community due to its inherent virtues like organizing National & International Seminars, workshops, conferences, symposiums, short homoeopathic courses, educational movement, lectures on HIV, Hepatitis and other diseases and discussions. Homoeopathic Medicine is a new and exciting science that is achieving remarkable results in the health industry right across the globe. It is recognized by the World Health Organization and is available under the national health schemes of the United Kingdom, France, Germany, India and Pakistan. The HPCA is the professional association for a body of Homoeopathic Medicine Professionals, who run private homoeopathic clinics across Pakistan. It has founding members who have been at the coal face of the industry for many years, working to establish and maintain Homoeopathic Medicine in Pakistan, often in a hostile health industry environment.
The HPCA is different to the Pakistani Homoeopathic Association (HPCA) because it does not accept non professionals as members. All members are practicing homoeopathic professionals who meet the criteria for registration.
As an Association of volunteers, the HPCA supports its members, the general public and the Pakistani Homoeopathic Community as a whole by:
Actively promoting Homoeopathic System of Medicine.
Developing and supporting Education standards. The HPCA has developed and negotiated the establishment of levels of education for Homoeopathic Medicine Professionals within Pakistan. Establishing and maintaining a Professional Code of Ethics.
Establishing forums for continuing professional education and research.
Forging international links with other Professional Associations, with Homoeopathic Medical Doctors from all over the Asian region coming to share their expertise in this exciting science.
Forging links with Homoeopathic Research Institutions and Hospitals to further training opportunities. Promotes the future development of Homoeopathic Science by supporting an unbiased approach to the interpretation of Homoeopathic Science. The HPCA actively encourages the study of all published material from many Homoeopathic Doctors and Scientists from around the globe and throughout history, as well as other sciences. CHAIRMAN H.P.C.A. HOMOEOPATHIC DOCTOR SALEEM HAMID MAIL ADDRESS: 59, NICHOLSON ROAD, BOHAR WALA CHOWK, LAHORE 54000 PAKISTAN. PHONE;6364584, 6364398 FAX: 6279196 website:URL:http://www.homeopathynhs.com Sec. General HPCA :Homoeopathic Dr. Aman Ullah Bismil office address: 39, Shalimar Road, Lahore54000, Pakistan. Patren Chief: HPCA Homoeopathic Dr. Khalid Mehmood Chaudri. office Addres: Nicholson Road, Wapda Building, Nicholson Road, Lahore54000, Pakistan. Sen. Vice Chairman HPCA Homoeopathic Dr. Shafat Ali Qadri., office address: Dr. Hamids Homeo Pvt. Ltd; Nicholson Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.Vice Chairman HPCA : Homoeopathic Dr.Iftakhar Hussain Waris,office address: Waris Homoeopathic college, Lahore, Pakistan. Finance sec.: HPCA Homoeopathic Dr. Masood Pervez., Office Address: LD & CO. Railway Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan. Exc. Member HPCA : Homoeopathic Dr. Asif Ali Address: Ghalib Homoeo Pharmacy, Raiway Road, Lahore , Pakistan. Joint Sec. HPCA :Homoeopathic Dr. Imran Noor Address: Noor Homoeo Pharmacy, Railway Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.President HPCA province of sind:Homoeopathic Dr.Islam Hamidoffice address: Opposite Aram Bagh, Shahrah-e-liaquat,Karachi, Pakistan.President HPCA province of Balochistan: Homoeopathic Dr. Abdul Waheed,office address: Patel Road, Quetta.President HPCA province of NWFP: Homoeopathic Dr. Hamesh Gul,office address: Nowshera.NWFP, Pakistan.President HPCA province of punjab: Homoeopathic Dr. Pervez Akhtar Quereshioffice address: Ashraf market, college Road,Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The following is the list of most known Homoeopathic Colleges in Pakistan.
The Pakistan Homoeopathic Medical College (Lahore.)
Dr. Hamid Memorial Homoeopathic Medical College (Lahore.)
Noor Memorial Homoeopathic Medical College (Lahore.)
Lahore Homoeopathic Medical College (Lahore.)
Shaheen Homoeopathic Medical College (Lahore).
Yasir Niaz Homoeopathic M. College (Lahore.)
National Homoeopathic Medical College (Rawalpindi.)
Rawalpindi homoeopathic Medical College.
Capital Homoeopathic Medical College (Islamabad.)
Muree Homoeopathic Medical College (Muree)
Hahnemann Homoeopathic Medical College (Faisalabad.)
Danish Homoeopathic Medical College (Sheikupura.)
Central Homoeopathic Medical College Karachi.
Ansari Homoeopathic Medical College Karachi.
Muhammadi Homeo. Medical College Karachi.
Sind Homoeopathic Medical College Hyderabad.
Nusrat Homoeopathic Medical College Quetta.
More than 100 Homoeopathic Medical Colleges are working in Pakistan. offer 4 years DHMS Courses in Homoeopathy.
5years degree courses and 2 year grading courses after DHMS in homoeopathy recommended by universities in Pakistan.Some of the Homoeopathic colleges are affiliated with Universities in the provinces of Punjab, Sind, and N.W.F.P., Pakistan., listed below:
Noor Memorial Homoeopathic Medical Degree College Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. ( affiliated with University.)
Frontier Homoeopathic Medical College, Peshawar, N.W.F.P., Pakistan. ( affiliated with University.)
Mulana Zaffar Ali Homoeopathic Medical College Wazirabad, Punjab, Pakistan.( affiliated with University.)
Sind Homoeopathic Medical College, Hyderabad, Sind, Pakistan.( affiliated with University.)
HOMOEOPATHY CLINIC'S & HOSPITALS IN PAKISTAN.There are more than 1000 homoeopathic clinics and more than 125 homoeopathic dispensaries are working in different hospitals under the supervision of National Health services Government of Pakistan.best wishes,Homoeopathic Dr. Saleem Hamid
I do appreciate and thank you for your comments and views.
THE OFFICIAL STATUS OF HOMEOPATHY
In many countries all over the world homoeopathy has gained official status. It has been officially recognized by the government as a system of medicine or medical speciality in countries in Central and South America (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico), Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka) and Europe (Belgium, Hungary, Portugal, Romania, Russia, United Kingdom). In some of these countries homoeopathy has been integrated into the national health care systems, namely in Brazil, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom. In India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the legal standing of homoeopathy is equivalent to that of conventional western (allopathic) medicine, many practitioners are certified in both homeopathy and allopathic medicine, and the primary care provider for many patients is a homeopathic doctor.
The official status of homoeopathy in some European countries is generally speaking of recent date. Although as early as in 1950 the Faculty of Homoeopathy in the United Kingdom was acknowledged – a statutory body responsible for the accreditation of training for medical practitioners and for postgraduate examinations and qualifications in homeopathy for doctors –, homoeopathy was officially recognised as a specific branch of medicine by the national governments of Romania in 1981, Russia in 1995, Hungary in 1997, Belgium in 1999 and Portugal in 2003.
Homoeopathy is also making progress at universities. There is a senior lecturer in homoeopathy at the University of Liverpool (United Kingdom) and a chair for complementary medicine – including homeopathy – at the University of Bern (Switzerland). Familiarisation with homoeopathy as a compulsory part of the medical undergraduate curriculum exists at all universities in Germany and is about to start in the United Kingdom. The French national medical association favours a similar development in France. At some universities in Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands and Spain students can choose homoeopathy as an optional subject. Several universities in France, Spain and Poland provide postgraduate homoeopathic training courses, leading to a university diploma.
In Pakistan, Homoeopathy is recognized system of medicine and there are about 100,000 Homoeopathic doctors and more than 100 Homoeopathic educational institutions are working and more than 125 homoeopathic dispensaries are working in different hospitals under the supervision of National Health services Government of Pakistan.
"BACHELOR DEGREE IN HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINE [B.H.M.S.]"
This Bachelor's degree is recognized by the Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Health and the National Council of Homoeopathy acts as the regulatory body.
These courses are affiliated with universities in Pakistan.
The Degree Course of B.H.M.S. shall comprise a Course of study consisting of Curriculum and syllabus spread over a period of 5 ˝ years, including compulsory Internship of one year duration after passing the Final Degree Examination.
No student shall be admitted to this Course unless he / she has passed the Intermediate Science or its equivalent Examination with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects and attained the age of 17 years on or before 31st December of the year of admission to the first year of the course.
DHMS COURSES IN HOMOEOPATHY
In our country there are more than 150 homoeopathic colleges offer 4 year homoeopathic diploma DHMS
The 4 years DHMS is an intensive full-time professional program intended for those wishing to become practicing homoeopaths as well as those that would like to further their knowledge in this field. Students in the Homoeopathic Medicine and Sciences Program are taught case-oriented, patient-based medicine in order to help them develop the practical skills required to work in today's health care system. An intensive clinical externship is required in addition to lectures. The programme is designed to provide students with a strong education in fundamental and comprehensive knowledge of homoeopathy and the structures and functions of the human body.
Students, who successfully complete the entire classroom program and examinations, will receive the Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Sciences (D.H.M.S.)
Hope that this will be useful to many people and that it will prove to be a valuable first step in our aim towards improvement of international communication within the homoeopathic community.
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